Commit 9378a41c authored by Robert Bossy's avatar Robert Bossy
Browse files

initial commit

parent 27bb5c63
Entités :
-----------
Living organism
Named location
Atmosphere
Climate
Hydrosphere
Physical and chemical quantity and property
Temporal characteristic
Ecosystem type
Habitat
Ecosystem functioning
Chemical compounds
Relations
----------
Is_located at(Living organism, Named location)
Lives_in(Living organism, Habitat)
Has_effect_on(Physical and chemical quantity and property, Ecosystem functioning)
Exemples d'entités :
-------------
Living organism : phytoplankton (pas un taxon), eukaryotes, microbes, (pas un taxon), Dinophyceae, Alveolata etc. algal (pas un taxon)
Named location : Amazonia, French Guiana, Guyaflux site
Temporal characteristic : spring, summertime,
Ecosystem type : tropical forest
Habitat : lake
Climate : tropical
Abiotic environment : nutrient availability, light, suface water temperature, colder zones, re-oligotrophicated, nutrient enrichment, climate warming, air temperature, upwelling zones, downwelling zones, wind forcing, global radiation, relative extractable water, soil temperature, soil water, drought conditions, lack of soil water
Chemical compounds
Ecosystem functioning : evapotranspiration, water use efficiency, chlorophyll concentration
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href="/science/journal/00344257/209/supp/C">Volume 209</a>, May 2018, Pages 510-523</div></div><div class="publication-cover u-show-from-sm"><a href="/science/journal/00344257/209/supp/C"><img class="publication-cover-image" src="https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0034425718X00042-cov150h.gif" alt="Remote Sensing of Environment" /></a></div></div><h1 id="screen-reader-main-title" class="Head u-font-serif u-h2 u-margin-s-ver"><span class="title-text">Are surface temperature and chlorophyll in a large deep lake related? An analysis based on satellite observations in synergy with hydrodynamic modelling and in-situ data</span></h1><div class="Banner" id="banner"><div class="wrapper truncated"><div class="AuthorGroups text-xs"><div class="author-group" id="author-group"><span class="sr-only">Author links open overlay panel</span><a class="author size-m workspace-trigger" name="bau0005" href="#!"><span class="content"><span class="text given-name">Damien</span><span class="text surname">Bouffard</span><span class="author-ref" id="baf0005"><sup>a</sup></span><svg focusable="false" viewBox="0 0 106 128" width="19.875" height="24" class="icon icon-person"><path d="m11.07 1.2e2l0.84-9.29c1.97-18.79 23.34-22.93 41.09-22.93 17.74 0 39.11 4.13 41.08 22.84l0.84 9.38h10.04l-0.93-10.34c-2.15-20.43-20.14-31.66-51.03-31.66s-48.89 11.22-51.05 31.73l-0.91 10.27h10.03m41.93-102.29c-9.72 0-18.24 8.69-18.24 18.59 0 13.67 7.84 23.98 18.24 23.98s18.24-10.31 18.24-23.98c0-9.9-8.52-18.59-18.24-18.59zm0 52.29c-15.96 0-28-14.48-28-33.67 0-15.36 12.82-28.33 28-28.33s28 12.97 28 28.33c0 19.19-12.04 33.67-28 33.67"></path></svg><svg focusable="false" viewBox="0 0 102 128" width="19.125" height="24" class="icon icon-envelope"><path d="m55.8 57.2c-1.78 1.31-5.14 1.31-6.9 0l-31.32-23.2h69.54l-31.32 23.19zm-55.8-24.78l42.94 32.62c2.64 1.95 6.02 2.93 9.4 2.93s6.78-0.98 9.42-2.93l40.24-30.7v-10.34h-102zm92 56.48l-18.06-22.74-8.04 5.95 17.38 21.89h-64.54l18.38-23.12-8.04-5.96-19.08 24.02v-37.58l-1e1 -8.46v61.1h102v-59.18l-1e1 8.46v35.62"></path></svg></span></a><a class="author size-m workspace-trigger" name="bau0010" href="#!"><span class="content"><span class="text given-name">Isabel</span><span class="text surname">Kiefer</span><span class="author-ref" id="baf0010"><sup>b</sup></span></span></a><a class="author size-m workspace-trigger" name="bau0015" href="#!"><span class="content"><span class="text given-name">Alfred</span><span class="text surname">Wüest</span><span class="author-ref" id="baf0005"><sup>a</sup></span><span class="author-ref" id="baf0010"><sup>b</sup></span></span></a><a class="author size-m workspace-trigger" name="bau0020" href="#!"><span class="content"><span class="text given-name">Stefan</span><span class="text surname">Wunderle</span><span class="author-ref" id="baf0015"><sup>c</sup></span></span></a><a class="author size-m workspace-trigger" name="bau0025" href="#!"><span class="content"><span class="text given-name">Daniel</span><span class="text surname">Odermatt</span><span class="author-ref" id="baf0020"><sup>d</sup></span></span></a></div></div></div><button class="show-hide-details u-font-sans" type="button" aria-expanded="false"><svg viewBox="0 0 9 9" class="icon-expand"><path d="M5 7H4V5H2V4h2V2h1v2h2v1H5z"></path><path d="M0 0v9h9V0zm1 1h7v7H1z"></path></svg>Show more</button></div><div class="DoiLink" id="doi-link"><a class="doi" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.02.056" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener" aria-label="Persistent link using digital object identifier" title="Persistent link using digital object identifier">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.02.056</a><a class="rights-and-content" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener" href="https://s100.copyright.com/AppDispatchServlet?publisherName=ELS&amp;contentID=S0034425718300701&amp;orderBeanReset=true">Get rights and content</a></div><section class="ReferencedArticles"></section><section class="ReferencedArticles"></section><div class="PageDivider"></div><div class="Abstracts u-font-serif" id="abstracts"><div class="abstract author-highlights" id="ab0010" lang="en"><h2 class="section-title u-h3 u-margin-l-top u-margin-xs-bottom">Highlights</h2><div id="as0010"><p id="sp0075"><dl class="list"><dt class="list-label"></dt><dd class="list-description"><p id="p0005">Lake Ecosystem understanding should combine remote sensing, in-situ and 3D models.</p></dd><dt class="list-label"></dt><dd class="list-description"><p id="p0010">CHL increase in spring is linked to local downwelling.</p></dd><dt class="list-label"></dt><dd class="list-description"><p id="p0015">Local downwelling leads to warmer LSWT and stronger stratification.</p></dd><dt class="list-label"></dt><dd class="list-description"><p id="p0020">CHL apparent increase in summer is linked to local upwelling caused by internal waves.</p></dd><dt class="list-label"></dt><dd class="list-description"><p id="p0025">We show that internal waves temporarily move deep summer CHL maximum near the surface.</p></dd></dl></p></div></div><div class="abstract author" id="ab0005" lang="en"><h2 class="section-title u-h3 u-margin-l-top u-margin-xs-bottom">Abstract</h2><div id="as0005"><p id="sp0070">Phytoplankton growth depends on various factors, and primarily on nutrient availability, light and water temperature, whose distributions are largely controlled by hydrodynamics. Our main objective is to analyse the link between spatial and temporal variability of surface water temperature and algal concentration in a large lake by means of remote sensing and hydrodynamic modelling. We compare ten years of satellite images showing chlorophyll concentrations and surface water temperature of Lake Geneva. Our observations suggest different correlations depending on the season. Elevated chlorophyll concentrations in spring are correlated with warmer zones. But, in summer, higher chlorophyll concentrations are observed in colder zones. We show with a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model that the spatial variability of the surface water temperature reflects the upwelling and downwelling zones resulting from wind forcing. In springtime, nearshore downwellings induce locally increased surface temperature and stratification, which are associated with high chlorophyll concentration. In summertime, colder surface temperature area, often interpreted as transient upwellings, represents the thermal surface signature of wind-induced basin-scale internal waves, bringing either nutrients or phytoplankton from deeper layers to the surface. Our study suggests the latter to be the dominant process, with the basin-scale internal wave activity and associated transient summertime upwellings and downwellings having little net effects on the algal concentration. This study finally demonstrates the necessity to connect remote sensing retrievals and three-dimensional hydrodynamic modelling to properly understand the dynamic of the lake ecosystems.</p></div></div></div><ul id="issue-navigation" class="issue-navigation u-margin-s-bottom u-bg-grey1"><li class="previous move-left u-padding-s-ver u-padding-s-left"><button class="button-alternative button-alternative-tertiary" disabled="" type="button"><svg focusable="false" viewBox="0 0 54 128" width="32" height="32" class="icon icon-navigate-left"><path d="m1 61l45-45 7 7-38 38 38 38-7 7z"></path></svg><span class="button-alternative-text"><strong>Previous </strong><span class="extra-detail-1">article</span><span class="extra-detail-2"> in issue</span></span></button></li><li class="next move-right u-padding-s-ver u-padding-s-right"><button class="button-alternative button-alternative-tertiary" disabled="" type="button"><span class="button-alternative-text"><strong>Next </strong><span class="extra-detail-1">article</span><span class="extra-detail-2"> in issue</span></span><svg focusable="false" viewBox="0 0 54 128" width="32" height="32" class="icon icon-navigate-right"><path d="m1 99l38-38-38-38 7-7 45 45-45 45z"></path></svg></button></li></ul><div class="Keywords u-font-serif"><div id="ks0005" class="keywords-section"><h2 class="section-title u-h3 u-margin-l-top u-margin-xs-bottom">Keywords</h2><div id="kw0005" class="keyword"><span id="tx0010">Lake surface temperature</span></div><div id="kw0010" class="keyword"><span id="tx0015">MERIS</span></div><div id="kw0015" class="keyword"><span id="tx0020">Hydrodynamic model</span></div><div id="kw0020" class="keyword"><span id="tx0025">Limnology</span></div></div></div><div class="related-content-links u-hide-from-md"><button class="button button-anchor" type="button"><span class="button-text">Recommended articles</span></button><button class="button button-anchor" disabled="" type="button"><span class="button-text">Citing articles (0)</span></button></div><div class="Tail"></div><a class="anchor full-text-link" href="/science/article/pii/S0034425718300701" aria-disabled="true" tabindex="-1"><span class="anchor-text">View full text</span></a><div class="Copyright"><span class="copyright-line">© 2018 Elsevier Inc. 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<script type="application/json" data-iso-key="_0">{"abstracts":{"content":[{"$$":[{"$":{"id":"st0005"},"#name":"section-title","_":"Abstract"},{"$$":[{"$":{"view":"all","id":"sp0070"},"#name":"simple-para","_":"Phytoplankton growth depends on various factors, and primarily on nutrient availability, light and water temperature, whose distributions are largely controlled by hydrodynamics. Our main objective is to analyse the link between spatial and temporal variability of surface water temperature and algal concentration in a large lake by means of remote sensing and hydrodynamic modelling. We compare ten years of satellite images showing chlorophyll concentrations and surface water temperature of Lake Geneva. Our observations suggest different correlations depending on the season. Elevated chlorophyll concentrations in spring are correlated with warmer zones. But, in summer, higher chlorophyll concentrations are observed in colder zones. We show with a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model that the spatial variability of the surface water temperature reflects the upwelling and downwelling zones resulting from wind forcing. In springtime, nearshore downwellings induce locally increased surface temperature and stratification, which are associated with high chlorophyll concentration. In summertime, colder surface temperature area, often interpreted as transient upwellings, represents the thermal surface signature of wind-induced basin-scale internal waves, bringing either nutrients or phytoplankton from deeper layers to the surface. Our study suggests the latter to be the dominant process, with the basin-scale internal wave activity and associated transient summertime upwellings and downwellings having little net effects on the algal concentration. This study finally demonstrates the necessity to connect remote sensing retrievals and three-dimensional hydrodynamic modelling to properly understand the dynamic of the lake ecosystems."}],"$":{"view":"all","id":"as0005"},"#name":"abstract-sec"}],"$":{"xmlns:ce":true,"view":"all","id":"ab0005","lang":"en","class":"author"},"#name":"abstract"},{"$$":[{"$":{"id":"st0010"},"#name":"section-title","_":"Highlights"},{"$$":[{"$$":[{"$$":[{"$$":[{"#name":"label","_":""},{"$":{"view":"all","id":"p0005"},"#name":"para","_":"Lake Ecosystem understanding should combine remote sensing, in-situ and 3D models."}],"$":{"id":"li0005"},"#name":"list-item"},{"$$":[{"#name":"label","_":""},{"$":{"view":"all","id":"p0010"},"#name":"para","_":"CHL increase in spring is linked to local downwelling."}],"$":{"id":"li0010"},"#name":"list-item"},{"$$":[{"#name":"label","_":""},{"$":{"view":"all","id":"p0015"},"#name":"para","_":"Local downwelling leads to warmer LSWT and stronger stratification."}],"$":{"id":"li0015"},"#name":"list-item"},{"$$":[{"#name":"label","_":""},{"$":{"view":"all","id":"p0020"},"#name":"para","_":"CHL apparent increase in summer is linked to local upwelling caused by internal waves."}],"$":{"id":"li0020"},"#name":"list-item"},{"$$":[{"#name":"label","_":""},{"$":{"view":"all","id":"p0025"},"#name":"para","_":"We show that internal waves temporarily move deep summer CHL maximum near the surface."}],"$":{"id":"li0025"},"#name":"list-item"}],"$":{"id":"l0005"},"#name":"list"}],"$":{"view":"all","id":"sp0075"},"#name":"simple-para"}],"$":{"view":"all","id":"as0010"},"#name":"abstract-sec"}],"$":{"xmlns:ce":true,"view":"all","id":"ab0010","lang":"en","class":"author-highlights"},"#name":"abstract"}],"floats":[],"footnotes":[],"attachments":[]},"accessOptions":{},"adobeTarget":{"adobeTargetVariation":"control"},"article":{"publication-content":{"noElsevierLogo":false,"imprintPublisher":{"displayName":"Elsevier","id":"47"},"isSpecialIssue":false,"isSampleIssue":false,"transactionsBlocked":false,"publicationOpenAccess":{"oaStatus":"","oaArticleCount":397,"openArchiveStatus":false,"openArchiveArticleCount":0,"openAccessStartDate":"","oaAllowsAuthorPaid":true},"issue-cover":{"attachment":[{"attachment-eid":"1-s2.0-S0034425718X00042-cov200h.gif","file-basename":"cov200h","extension":"gif","filename":"cov200h.gif","ucs-locator":["https://s3.amazonaws.com/prod-ucs-content-store-us-east/content/pii:S0034425718X00042/cover/DOWNSAMPLED200/image/gif/d69ea8d75d45f24163839539386b0d14/cov200h.gif"],"attachment-type":"IMAGE-COVER-H200","filesize":"13044","pixel-height":"200","pixel-width":"150"},{"attachment-eid":"1-s2.0-S0034425718X00042-cov150h.gif","file-basename":"cov150h","extension":"gif","filename":"cov150h.gif","ucs-locator":["https://s3.amazonaws.com/prod-ucs-content-store-us-east/content/pii:S0034425718X00042/cover/DOWNSAMPLED/image/gif/149e97870bb8b840921e9efc30bc540c/cov150h.gif"],"attachment-type":"IMAGE-COVER-H150","filesize":"9702","pixel-height":"150","pixel-width":"113"}]},"smallCoverUrl":"https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/S00344257.gif","title":"remote-sensing-of-environment","contentTypeCode":"JL","sourceOpenAccess":false,"publicationCoverImageUrl":"https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0034425718X00042-cov150h.gif"},"pii":"S0034425718300701","dates":{"Available online":"19 March 2018","Received":"4 August 2017","Revised":["15 January 2018"],"Accepted":"22 February 2018","Publication date":"1 May 2018"},"access":{"openArchive":false,"openAccess":false},"crawlerInformation":{"canCrawlPDFContent":false,"isCrawler":false},"document-references":57,"accessOptions":{"purchaseSection":{"link":"/getaccess/pii/S0034425718300701","linkText":{"parameters":[],"key":"purchase_message_no_remote_access"}},"accessHeader":{"parameters":[],"key":"access_header_no_remote_access"},"outwardLinksSection":{"linkingHubUrl":"https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0034425718300701?showall=true","outwardLinksRequestData":"%7B%22transID%22%3A%22arp-bf9f4084-d39e-491a-aa5d-2b7595cd7bc9%22%2C%22pageMetaData%22%3A%7B%22eid%22%3A%221-s2.0-S0034425718300701%22%2C%22pii%22%3A%22S0034425718300701%22%2C%22cid%22%3A%22271745%22%7D%7D"},"checkAccessSection":{"message":{"parameters":[],"key":"check_access_message_no_remote_access"}}},"analyticsMetadata":{"accountId":"228598","accountName":"ScienceDirect Guests","loginStatus":"anonymous","userId":"12975512","isLoggedIn":false},"cid":"271745","content-family":"serial","copyright-line":"© 2018 Elsevier Inc. 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