Commit 9378a41c authored by Robert Bossy's avatar Robert Bossy
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Entités :
-----------
Living organism
Named location
Atmosphere
Climate
Hydrosphere
Physical and chemical quantity and property
Temporal characteristic
Ecosystem type
Habitat
Ecosystem functioning
Chemical compounds
Relations
----------
Is_located at(Living organism, Named location)
Lives_in(Living organism, Habitat)
Has_effect_on(Physical and chemical quantity and property, Ecosystem functioning)
Exemples d'entités :
-------------
Living organism : phytoplankton (pas un taxon), eukaryotes, microbes, (pas un taxon), Dinophyceae, Alveolata etc. algal (pas un taxon)
Named location : Amazonia, French Guiana, Guyaflux site
Temporal characteristic : spring, summertime,
Ecosystem type : tropical forest
Habitat : lake
Climate : tropical
Abiotic environment : nutrient availability, light, suface water temperature, colder zones, re-oligotrophicated, nutrient enrichment, climate warming, air temperature, upwelling zones, downwelling zones, wind forcing, global radiation, relative extractable water, soil temperature, soil water, drought conditions, lack of soil water
Chemical compounds
Ecosystem functioning : evapotranspiration, water use efficiency, chlorophyll concentration
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<span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.atitle=Interannual+and+seasonal+variations+in+ecosystem+transpiration+and+water+use+efficiency+in+a+tropical+rainforest&amp;rft.jtitle=Forests&amp;rft.volume=10&amp;rft.spage=20&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fpublications.cirad.fr%2Fune_notice.php%3Fdk%3D591352&amp;rft.au=M.+Aguilos&amp;rft.au=C.+Stahl&amp;rft.au=B.+Burban&amp;rft.au=B.+Herault&amp;rft.au=E.A.+Courtois&amp;rft.au=S.+Coste&amp;rft.au=F.+Wagner&amp;rft.au=C.+Ziegler&amp;rft.au=K.+Takagi&amp;rft.au=D.+Bonal&amp;rft.date=2019&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fcirad.fr:generator"></span><div class="filtre a2019a tARTt">
<div class="titre">
<h2>Interannual and seasonal variations in ecosystem transpiration and water use efficiency in a tropical rainforest</h2>
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<p class="infoAuteurs"><strong>Aguilos M., Stahl C., Burban B., Herault B., Courtois E.A., Coste S., Wagner F., Ziegler C., Takagi K., Bonal D.</strong>. 2019. <i>Forests</i>, <b>10</b> : 20 p..</p>
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<p class="url"><a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/f10010014" target="_blank"><span>https://doi.org/10.3390/f10010014</span></a></p>
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<div class="resume">
<div class="rsm">Warmer and drier climates over Amazonia have been predicted for the next century with expected changes in regional water and carbon cycles. We examined the impact of interannual and seasonal variations in climate conditions on ecosystem-level evapotranspiration (ET) and water use efficiency (WUE) to determine key climatic drivers and anticipate the response of these ecosystems to climate change. We used daily climate and eddyflux data recorded at the Guyaflux site in French Guiana from 2004 to 2014. ET and WUE exhibited weak interannual variability. The main climatic driver of ET and WUE was global radiation (Rg), but relative extractable water (REW) and soil temperature (Ts) did also contribute. At the seasonal scale, ET and WUE showed a modal pattern driven by Rg, with maximum values for ET in July and August and for WUE at the beginning of the year. By removing radiation effects during water depleted periods, we showed that soil water stress strongly reduced ET. In contrast, drought conditions enhanced radiation-normalized WUE in almost all the years, suggesting that the lack of soil water had a more severe effect on ecosystem evapotranspiration than on photosynthesis. Our results are of major concern for tropical ecosystem modeling because they suggest that under future climate conditions, tropical forest ecosystems will be able to simultaneously adjust CO2 and H2O fluxes. Yet, for tropical forests under future conditions, the direction of change in WUE at the ecosystem scale is hard to predict, since the impact of radiation on WUE is counterbalanced by adjustments to soil water limitations. Developing mechanistic models that fully integrate the processes associated with CO2 and H2O flux control should help researchers understand and simulate future functional adjustments in these ecosystems.</div>
<p><span>Mots-cls :</span> saison; changement climatique; vapotranspiration; cosystme forestier; fort tropicale humide; guyane franaise</p>
<p><span>Thmatique :</span> Foresterie - Considrations gnrales; Ecologie vgtale; Physiologie et biochimie vgtales; Mtorologie et climatologie</p>
<h3>Documents associs</h3>
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<a href="http://agritrop.cirad.fr/591352/1/Aguilos et al. - 2019 - Interannual and Seasonal Variations in Ecosystem Transpiration and Water Use Efficiency in a Tropical Rainforest.pdf"><span>http://agritrop.cirad.fr/591352/1/Aguilos et al. - 2019 - Interannual and Seasonal Variations in Ecosystem Transpiration and Water Use Efficiency in a Tropical Rainforest.pdf</span></a>
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<span class="open_access" title="Open Access"></span>
Article de revue
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<h2>Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :</h2>
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<a href="auteur.php?mat=16462">Hrault Bruno</a>
&mdash; Es / <a href="ur.php?nom=UPR Forts et Socits">UPR Forts et Socits</a>
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phytoplankton Living_Organism
eukaryotes Living_Organism
microbes Living_Organism
Dinophyceae Living_Organism
Alveolata Living_Organism
algal Living_Organism
Amazonia Named_Location
French Guiana Named_Location
Guyaflux site Named_Location
spring Temporal_Characteristic
summertime Temporal_Characteristic
tropical forest Ecosystem_Type
lake Habitat
tropical Climate
evapotranspiration Ecosystem_Functioning
water use efficiency Ecosystem_Functioning
chlorophyll concentration Ecosystem_Functioning
air temperature Atmosphere
wind forcing Atmosphere
suface water Hydrosphere
upwelling zones Hydrosphere
downwelling zones Hydrosphere
relative extractable water Hydrosphere
soil water Hydrosphere
drought conditions Hydrosphere
lack of soil Hydrosphere
water Hydrosphere
nutrient availability Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
light Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
temperature Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
colder zones Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
re-oligotrophicated Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
nutrient enrichment Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
climate warming Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
global radiation Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
soil temperature Phys_Chem_Quantity_or_Property
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